The Metra Board of Directors today approved a 2019 operating budget of $822.2 million that does not include a fare increase, as well as a 2019 capital budget of $185.6 million that falls far short of Metra’s needs. Click here to view the full budget document.
Metra expects its operating costs to grow by about $36 million in 2019. The primary drivers of that growth are rising costs in labor, benefits, fuel, rents, materials and other costs associated with operating the service and meeting the maintenance and inspection requirements related to the equipment and infrastructure.
About $11 million of the increase will be covered by an increase in RTA funding, primarily from the regional transportation sales tax. Metra will offset an additional $12 million of that increase through two actions: 1) Identifying about $6 million in efficiencies, primarily personnel savings in the Engineering, Mechanical and Administrative departments and cuts to IT costs, and 2) Reducing its budget by approximately $6 million, reflecting a normal level of employees who are on a leave of absence and not receiving wages or benefits in 2019. The remainder of the increase will be covered by reducing the amount of fare revenue spent on capital needs by about $13 million (thus allocating that $13 million to the operating budget).
That results in a 2019 operating budget of $822 million, which is $25 million or 3.1 percent, higher than $797 million in 2018.
No fare increase for operations will be needed. And Metra Board members agreed that a fare increase for capital needs in 2019 would burden customers after four fare increases in a row while providing only a fraction of the needed revenue.
Those capital needs, however, aren’t going away. About 40 percent of Metra’s assets are classified as in marginal or worn condition. Half of its bridges are more than 100 years old, and at the present rate of replacement of three bridges a year, it would take Metra 150 years to replace the oldest bridges. Its diesel cars have an average age of 30 years, the oldest in the nation. The oldest cars in daily service are more than 65 years old. Its locomotives have an average age of 31 years, the oldest in the nation. The oldest locomotives are more than 41 years old.
To address those needs next year, Metra’s 2019 capital program contains only $173.6 million in federal funds, $5 million in local RTA funds and $7 million in fare revenues set aside for capital needs. About half of that budget will pay for priorities such as new and rehabilitated cars and engines, bridges, yard rehabilitation and PTC. The remaining half will go to routine capital maintenance of tracks, signals, stations and other facilities.
Additional funding is needed – much more than could come from fares. Metra needs help, and the most likely source of that help is the state of Illinois, which created the RTA in 1973 and then Metra a decade later after recognizing that the private railroads then operating commuter rail service in Chicago could not continue without public subsidies.